and the Philanthropic Earl of
- The City of London is the
central part of London around St. Paul's
Cathedral. It stretches from Fleet Street to the Tower of London. This was the area where
the Romans lived.
- In 1665, rats brought fleas with
bubonic plague into the City and it spread to people.
- At the time, no-one knew how it
started. The Lord Mayor ordered all the cats and dogs to be killed,
but they had kept the population of rats down.
- Bonfires were kept burning day
and night. The smoke was thought to clean the air.
- Most of the rich people and
people in charge left the City.
- However, Samuel Pepys stayed and
wrote about the plague in his famous diary.
- The Earl
of Craven also stayed and helped people:
- He visited sick people.
- He gave the City a piece of
land in which people who died from the plague could be buried.
- He organised the boarding up
of houses where there was plague.
- He built 'pest houses' to
quarantine people in.
- Both these activities kept
people away from others, who would then not be able to catch the
plague from them.
- He also kept law and order.
- People calling themselves
'plague doctors' tried to help too. They dressed up like birds with
herbs in their leather 'beaks' (see picture) to clean the air and stop
them catching the plague.
- The plague killed 100,000
Londoners. That was one in every five people in the City.