also called Henry of Winchester (reigned
was the son of King
John. He inherited the Throne when he was only nine years old.
- At the time, the Barons had
rebelled against his father and the French had invaded.
- The Earl of
Pembroke, helped him rule the country and sorted everything out.
- When Henry grew up, he spent
lots of money rebuilding Westminster Abbey and the palace next door.
became unpopular because he liked foreigners and would not stand up to
the Pope. He also taxed the Barons to pay for wars in Wales, France
and Sicily. These were not successful.
- Eventually, Henry
had to sign the ‘Provisions of Oxford’. These said he had to listen to
the advice of a Royal Council.
- When he tried to go back on his
promise and rule without them, a
civil war broke out. King Henry and his son, Prince Edward, were
captured by the rebel leader, Simon De Montfort.
- Simon set up the first
parliament in England. People came from all over the country to tell
the King about the needs of the people in their local area.
- Eventually, Prince Edward,
escaped and defeated De Montfort at the Battle of Lewes (in East
- Edward became the next king as Edward