also called Henry of Monmouth (reigned
was the son of Henry IV.
- He was a wild young man. As
Prince of Wales, he often served with his father's army. He was very
brave at the Battle of Shrewsbury.
- When he became king, Henry
renewed the English claim to the French Throne. With an army, he
invaded France in 1415.
- They fought a much bigger French
army at the Battle of Agincourt and won a great victory.
- Two years later, Henry's army
invaded again. They took over large parts of France. The heir to the
French Throne murdered the Duke of Burgundy. So the Burgundians joined
the fight against the French.
- In 1420, the elderly King
Charles VI of France signed the Treaty of Troyes. This recognised
Henry V as the new heir to the French Throne; and he married the
French king's daughter.
- Two years later, Henry was back
in France putting down resistance to his new position. He caught
dysentery and died.
- The next king was his young son, Henry